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Indo-Pakistani Battle of the year of 1971

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Indo-Pakistani Warfare of year 1971

Part of Indo-Pakistani Wars and Bangladesh Liberation War| Date| 3–16 Dec 1971

Location| Eastern front side:

( India-East Pakistan border)

Western the front:

India-West Pakistan border and Line of Control

Result| Decisive Indian success.[1][2][3]

Eastern entrance:

Pakistani pushes surrender.

European front:

India declares unilateral ceasefire after Pakistani give up in the east.[4]| Territorial

changes| Secession of East Pakistan as the independent express of Bangladesh.

Belligerents

IndiaEast Pakistan

Mukti Bahini

Unofficially supported by:

Soviet Union|  Pakistan Unofficially supported by:

United States

Usa

Jordan

China

Commanders and leaders

Leader Varahagiri Venkata Giri

PM HOURS Indira Gandhi

Gen Mike Manekshaw

Luxury touring. Gen. L. S. Arora

Lt. Gen. G. G. Bewoor

Luxury touring. Gen. K. P. Candeth

Lt. Style. Sagat Singh

J. N. R. John

Adm S i9000. M. Nanda

ACM Pratap Lal| Leader Yahya Khan

PM Nurul Amin

Style. Abdul Hamid Khan

LGen Gul Hassan Khan

LGen Tikka Khan

LGen A. A. K. Niazi�

LGen Abdul Ali Malik

LGen Akhtar Hussain Malik

Main General Iftikhar Janjua

Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hassan

ARE Abdul Rahim Khan

Strength

500, 1000 troops| 365, 000 troops

Casualties and losses

a few, 843 wiped out[5]

9, 851 wounded[5]

1 Frigate1 Nautico Plane[6][7]American indian Okha harbor damaged/fueling services destroyed.[8]Damage to western Indian airfields.[9][10][11]Pakistani Claims130 IAF Aircraft[12][13]Of india Claims45 I ALLA FALL Aircraft[14]| being unfaithful, 000 wiped out[15] 4, 350 wounded

ninety-seven, 368 captured

2 Destroyers[16]

1 Minesweeper[16]

1 Submarine[17][18]

3 Patrol boats

7 Gunboats Pakistani main port Karachi facilities damaged/fuel tanks damaged[16][19]Pakistani airfields damaged and cratered[20]Pakistani Promises (add the fig here)Indian Claims94 PAF Aircraft[14]

[show] vteIndo-Pakistani Conflict of 1971

|

Mukti BahiniOperation SearchlightOperation BarisalOperation Cactus-LillyOperation Chengiz KhanOperation JackpotSinking of PNS GhaziOperation TridentSubmarine operationsOperation PythonBattle of AtgramBattle of BasantarBattle of BoyraBattle of ChambBattle of DhalaiBattle of GaribpurBattle of GazipurBattle of HilliBattle of LongewalaBattle of SylhetMeghna Heli BridgeTangail AirdropAir WarNaval WarInstrument of SurrenderSimla Agreement

[show] vteIndo-Pakistani disputes

|

Kashmir conflict1947 War1965 War1971 WarOperation MeghdootSiachenOperation BrasstacksInsurgency in Jammu and KashmirKargil War Procedure Safed SagarOperation Parakram2008 Crises2011 cross-border shooting2013 border occurrence

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was obviously a military discord between India and Pakistan. Indian, Bangladeshi and intercontinental sources consider the beginning of the war to get Operation Chengiz Khan, Pakistan's 3 12 , 1971 preemptive strike upon 11 Of india airbases.[21][22] Lasting merely 13 days it is regarded as one of the shortest wars of all time.[23][24] Throughout the war, Indian and Pakistani makes clashed within the eastern and western fronts. The war effectively ended after the Asian Command from the Pakistani Armed Forces signed the Instrument of Surrender,[25] upon 16 Dec 1971 pursuing which East Pakistan seceded as the independent state of Bangladesh. Between 80, 000 and 93, 1000 members from the Pakistan Military including paramilitary personnel were taken as Prisoners of Warfare by the Indian Army[26][27] It is estimated that between 2, 1000, 000 and 3, 500, 000 people were murdered in Bangladesh, and up to four hundred 1, 000 women raped by the Pakistaner armed forces,[28] specifically Bengali Hindus.[29][30] Because of the issue, a further six to eaight million people fled the nation at the time to find refuge in neighbouring India.[31] Contents�[hide] 1 Background2 India's...

Recommendations: ^ Byman, Daniel (2005). Deadly contacts: states that sponsor terrorism. Cambridge College or university Press. g.  159. ISBN 978-0-521-83973-0. " India 's decisive victory four decades ago led to the signing from the Simla Agreement in 1972" �

^ a b " Of india Air Force

^ a n c " Pakistan Military Consortium". PakDef. information. Retrieved 2012-07-27. �

^ Air Primary Marshal P C Lal (1986)

^ Leonard, Jones. Encyclopedia of the developing world, Volume 1 . Taylor & Francis, 06\. ISBN 0-415-97662-6, 9780415976626 Check |isbn= value (help). �

^ a n c g e farrenheit g l i j k t m " Indo-Pakistani Warfare of 1971"

^ " How western was won... on the waterfront". The Tribune. Retrieved twenty four December 2011. �

^ " India – Pakistan War, year 1971; Western Entrance, Part I"

^ a b " Gen. Tikka Khan, 87; 'Butcher of Bengal ' Led Pakistaner Army". Los Angeles Times. 35 March 2002. Retrieved 11 April 2010. �

^ Cohen, Stephen (2004)

^ The World: India: Easy Win, Uneasy Tranquility, Time (magazine), 1971-12-27

^ World's quickest war lasted for only 45 minutes, Pravda, 2007-03-10

^ a b c deb e f g they would Haqqani, Hussain (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Army. United Publication Press. ISBN 978-0-87003-214-1, 0-87003-223-2 Examine |isbn= value (help). �, Chapter a few, pp 87.

^ Burkie, Samuel Matn (1974). Mainsprings of Indian and Pakistaner Foreign Plans. University of Minnesota Press. p.  216. ISBN 978-0-8166-5714-8. �

^ a b Riedel, Bruce Um

^ Lt. Gen. Kamal Matinuddin -- Tragedy of Errors: East Pakistan Turmoil, 1968-1971; Wajidalis, Lahore, 1994; page 255

^ Maj

^ Haqqani, Hussain (2005). Pakistan: between mosque plus the military. Carnegie Endowment. s.  74. ISBN 978-0-87003-214-1. Retrieved eleven April 2010. �

^ " The four Indo-Pak wars"

^ " year 1971: Pakistan intensifies air raids on India". BBC Media. 3 Dec 1971. Gathered 20 August 2009. �

^ Olsen, John Andreas (2011)

^ Tariq Ali (1983). Can easily Pakistan Endure? The Loss of life of a State. Penguin Literature Ltd. ISBN 978-0-14-022401-6. �

^ Jon Pond, Air Electric power Analysis�: Indian Airpower, World Air Electric power Journal, Amount 12

^ Paret, Philip; Gordon A. Craig, Felix Gilbert (1986). Makers of Modern Strategy: By Machiavelli to the Nuclear Grow older. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820097-0. �, pp802

^ Kuldip Nayar

^ a w c " 1971 India Pakistan Conflict: Role of Russia, China, America and Britain". The World Reporter. Retrieved 30 Oct 2011. �

^ " Foreign Relations, 1969–1976, Quantity E-7, Files on South Asia, 1969–1972"

^ Sophie R Shalom. " The boys Behind Yahya in the Indo-Pak War of 1971". Retrieved 20 August 2009. �

^ Hanhimäki, Jussi (2004)

^ John P. Lewis (9 Dec 1971). " Mr. Nixon and South Asia". The newest York Occasions. " The Nixon Supervision 's Southern Asia plan... is beyond redemption" �

^ the year of 1971 War: The way the US attempted to corner India

^ Abdus Sattar Ghazali. " Islamic Pakistan, The other Martial Law". Retrieved twenty October 2009. �

^ Ali, Tariq (1997)

^ EXCERPTS: We all never learn, Dawn (newspaper), 2002-12-15

^ " a hundred and twenty-five Slain in Dacca Place, Believed Elite of Bengal"

^ Bangladesh sets up battle crimes the courtroom, Al Jazeera English, 2010-03-26

^ Bangladesh sets up 1971 war criminal offenses tribunal, LABELLISE BASSE CONSOMMATION, 2010-03-25



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