Erikson Summarize Essay

Erikson's Psychosocial Theory - customized view of Freud's theories, Erik Erikson (1902-1994)

Rather than concentrating on biological impacts of character, Erikson highlighted societal elements.

- Culture shapes the development of the ego or self. (Each world has exceptional qualities that influence persona. )

- Ego advancement continues throughout life (unlike what Freud believed).

- " Crisis" exists at each developmental stage, according into a maturational timetable, and must be resolved to get healthy spirit development.

The 8-10 Psychosocial Stages of Creation:

Standard Trust or Mistrust (birth to 12-18 months)

Through experience of parents, the newborn develops a sense of whether the world is good and safe.

Virtues: expect and trust

Autonomy vs . Pity and Hesitation (12-18 weeks to 3 years)

The child develops a balance of freedom over uncertainty and disgrace.

Virtues: will certainly

Initiative vs . Remorse (3-6 years)

Builds up initiative when trying the euphoric pleasures and is certainly not overwhelmed simply by failure.

Virtue: purpose

Industry or Inferiority (6 years to puberty)

Must learn skills of the culture or face emotions of inefficiencies

Virtue: skill

Identity vs . Id Confusion (puberty to small adulthood)

Adolescent must determine own sense of self or perhaps experience misunderstandings about tasks.

Virtue: faithfulness

Intimacy vs . Solitude (young adulthood)

Person seeks for making commitments to others; if unsuccessful, may suffer coming from isolation and self-absorption.

Virtue: love

Generativity vs . Stagnation (middle adulthood)

Mature mature is concerned with establishing and guiding the next generation, or seems personal impoverishment.

Virtue: attention

Ego Integrity or Despair (late adulthood)

Elderly person achieves acknowledgement of own life, allowing for acceptance of death, if not despairs over inability to relive existence.

Virtue: knowledge

Strengths of Erikson's Theory

-- emphasis is usually on...



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