Erikson's Psychosocial Theory - customized view of Freud's theories, Erik Erikson (1902-1994)
Rather than concentrating on biological impacts of character, Erikson highlighted societal elements.
- Culture shapes the development of the ego or self. (Each world has exceptional qualities that influence persona. )
- Ego advancement continues throughout life (unlike what Freud believed).
- " Crisis" exists at each developmental stage, according into a maturational timetable, and must be resolved to get healthy spirit development.
The 8-10 Psychosocial Stages of Creation:
Standard Trust or Mistrust (birth to 12-18 months)
Through experience of parents, the newborn develops a sense of whether the world is good and safe.
Virtues: expect and trust
Autonomy vs . Pity and Hesitation (12-18 weeks to 3 years)
The child develops a balance of freedom over uncertainty and disgrace.
Virtues: will certainly
Initiative vs . Remorse (3-6 years)
Builds up initiative when trying the euphoric pleasures and is certainly not overwhelmed simply by failure.
Industry or Inferiority (6 years to puberty)
Must learn skills of the culture or face emotions of inefficiencies
Identity vs . Id Confusion (puberty to small adulthood)
Adolescent must determine own sense of self or perhaps experience misunderstandings about tasks.
Intimacy vs . Solitude (young adulthood)
Person seeks for making commitments to others; if unsuccessful, may suffer coming from isolation and self-absorption.
Generativity vs . Stagnation (middle adulthood)
Mature mature is concerned with establishing and guiding the next generation, or seems personal impoverishment.
Ego Integrity or Despair (late adulthood)
Elderly person achieves acknowledgement of own life, allowing for acceptance of death, if not despairs over inability to relive existence.
Strengths of Erikson's Theory
-- emphasis is usually on...